Well Inspections

Environmental Testing & Research Laboratories performs thorough well inspections using a down hole, underwater video camera that is lowered into the well. This allows us to diagnose and document the activities within the well with great accuracy. Upon completion of the well inspection service, a full, concise and clearly written report and DVD will be presented to customers explaining results and recommendations.


Well Inspection

This video clip is from a well inspection we performed on a private well. The customer had tested positive for bacteria and had call us to figure it where the contamination was coming from. Our field tech inserted a down hole, underwater video camera and found a rats nest and a deceased rat inside the households water supply! YUCK!

Drilled Well

Drilled Well

This is an example of a modern drilled well. The well head is over a foot off the ground and has a tight sealing cap. This protects the water supply from surface water contamination as well as contamination from rodents and insects.

Shallow Well

Shallow Well

Shallow or Dug wells are the most prone to contamination. This is due to the fact that they do not have a tight sealing cap.

Where is Your Well Located?

The first thing you should know about your well is where it is located. Location is important because of the potential for contaminants to enter the water system.

Your well should not be located:

  • In a driveway or in a high traffic area
  • In a cellar
  • Near septic sources
  • Near swampy areas
  • Under trees or in an area with a lot of vegetation covering it


Optimal location for a well would be in an open, sunny area which is clean and accessible, clear of any debris or obstructions.

What Kind of Well Do You Have?

A good well must be constructed properly. The best type of well is a modern drilled well that consists of a tight sealing well cap, casing, pump, electrical system, plumbing, pressure tank and filtration if needed.

Well Construction & Condition

Things that you should know about your well include:
  • Age
  • Type
  • Casing height and depth
  • Condition of casing and well cap

Keep a Well Log

Whether you have a brand new well or an older one, you will want to keep a well log or file with any relevant information regarding your water system. Your log should contain information such as:

  • Age of Well
  • Depth of Well
  • Location
  • Drilling Company Contact Info
  • Water Testing Results
  • Well Inspection Reports
  • Filtration Documents
  • Schedule for disinfecting.  If you do not know these things you may be able to obtain the information from the driller, the contractor or the previous owner.

How Can I Protect My Water Supply?

Well systems are mechanical devices and they do break down at times. Poorly maintained or constructed wells can lead to a variety of problems including contaminated or poor quality water. Certain defects could allow surface water to enter the well and cause contamination, which means that the well is no longer protecting the water supply. As a responsible well owner, you need to carry out a regular program of well maintenance.

Necessary Well Maintenance

  • Testing your water regularly
  • Disinfecting your well at least once or twice every year
  • Keeping the well area clean and accessible
  • Keeping pollutants as far away from the area as possible
  • Periodically having the mechanics of the well system checked

Why Should I Have My Well Inspected?

The well itself should be inspected periodically to ensure tight construction to determine if equipment is functioning properly.  If you have never had it checked and questioning it’s condition you should have a well inspection done.


Situations That Warrant a Well Inspection:


Real Estate Transactions –  Well inspections should be ocnsidered essential when buying a chome with a private well.

Troubled Waters –  You should have a well inspection done if your water test results indicated bacteria, you disinfected the well and the follow up test still reported present bacteria.  A well inspection is the next logical step to investigating where the contamination is coming from.

Compliance Issues –  An inspection may be necessary for reasons such as Title V inspections, to ensure quality of installation, or to locate and/or upgrade an existing older well.

Call (800) 344-9977 Today to Schedule a Well Inspection!